Depending on your condition, we may suggest to include one or several of the following modalities into your session.
Exercises for Breathing Functionality.
Joint mobilizations (spinal, hips, etc.).
Muscle releasing & Trigger point techniques.
Neuromuscular techniques such as PNF and MET, stretches and other soft-tissue techniques.
These techniques do not cause pain when applied on healthy tissues. However, pain or discomfort may be experienced when conditions such as muscle "tightness", myofascial adhesions, restricted blood flow (ischemia), nerve compression, and tissue injury are present.
Note: Regardless of your condition, let us know if you are simply looking to have a relaxing & introspective experience. We can certainly leave the non-relaxing techniques for a following session ;)
Optional: For your own comfort, you may wear ear plugs, water shoes, a long sleeved water shirt to keep you warm, your own neck floater, etc.
Aquatic Osteopathy-Naprapathy Therapy
on Parkinson’s Disease
A Case Study
Note: The fusion of Aquatic Osteopathy and Naprapathy Therapy is at present referred as Napraquatic Medicine.
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive, degenerative disease. Tremor, muscle rigidity, stooped posture, loss of balance and myofascial pain are common musculoskeletal effects of Parkinson Disease. The effects of hydrotherapy, movement therapy, manual therapy, and more specifically, Osteopathic interventions have been evaluated and these therapies proved to be highly effective in managing and improving some of the clinical features of PD. On the other hand, Naprapathy is effective in the management of musculoskeletal disorders and pain. Aquatic Osteopathy-Naprapathy Therapy combines the benefits of Osteopathy, Naprapathy and hydrotherapy for the purpose of relaxation, restoration, prevention, and management of numerous conditions affecting the fascial and musculoskeletal systems. And consequently, improving organ function, mobility, flexibility, motor control and quality of movement.
To evaluate the effects of Aquatic Osteopathy-Naprapathy Therapy on Parkinson’s Disease.
The participant underwent twelve Aquatic Osteopathy-Naprapathy interventions. The primary outcome measures were PD-specific questionnaires and PRoM assessments.
The twelve Aquatic Osteopathy-Naprapathy interventions were correlated with significant improvement in the Passive Range of Motion (PRoM) of the participant, as follows:
- At the beginning of the first intervention, all the 25 joints or areas assessed exhibited PRoM values under 25% of what is considered to be an optimal passive range.
- At the end of the last intervention, none of the joints assessed exhibited values under 25% of the optimal PRoM, 5 joints exhibited a value within 25<50%, 11 joints within 50<75%, and 9 joints between 75<100% of optimal PRoM.
After comparing his condition prior to and after the 12 interventions, the participant reported improvement in 18 out of a total of 25 PD related features, as follows:
- Significant increase in muscle rigidity (trunk and neck), posture, loss of balance, bradykinesia, bladder and blood pressure problems, and loss of motivation.
- Mild improvement in tremor (upper limbs), muscle rigidity (upper and lower extremities), freezing, breathing dysfunctions, problems with swallowing or chewing, cognitive difficulties, depression, fear or anxiety, sleeping disorders and energy loss or fatigue.
- No change on continuity of movements (starting/finishing/linking actions), identifying odours, dry eyes, and gastrointestinal disorders.
A more detailed examination comparing the participant’s condition after each individual session showed relapse in:
- Difficulty identifying or differentiating certain odours changed from “frequently” to “all the time”.
The results of this study indicate there is a clear potential in incorporating Aquatic Osteopathy-Naprapathy Therapy aka "Napraquatic Medicine", for the treatment of Parkinson’s Disease.
The twelve Aquatic Osteopathy-Naprapathy interventions were correlated with improvement in the participant’s overall PD related condition as well as increased Passive Range of Motion and quality of movement. As demonstrated in previous research,1 this study suggests that the improvement in energy loss or fatigue reported by the participant may be correlated to a significant improvement in muscle rigidity.
In addition to the above-mentioned outcomes, the participant reported improvement in various social, psychological, and physiological aspects that were not considered on the PD specific questionnaires. Previous research has suggested the effect of hydrotherapy “is also reflected in non-motor domains, since improving domains such as physical discomfort and mobility can influence psychological and emotional aspects”.2
Parkinson’s disease; Osteopathy; Naprapathy; Hydrotherapy; Aquatic; Aqua Therapy.
 Nelson, Alexis K. (2021). "The effects of rigidity on energy expenditure during walking in Parkinson Disease". Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2167. https://digitalcommons.memphis.edu/etd/2167
 Amaral, S., Cruz, P., Ribeiro, AM ., Araújo, R., Cantista, P. (2018) Benefits of Hydrotherapy in Parkinson’s Disease. Bol Soc Esp Hidrol Med Vol. 33, Supl. 1, 198-199.
Doctor of Naprapathy
BSc in Osteopathy, BFA, DMT